Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka, is a megacity housing ten million people, making it the third-most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration in India.  Located on the Deccan Plateau at an elevation of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, the city enjoys a salubrious climate like no other city in the country.  A city spread over 741 sq kilometers is the most cosmopolitan city in country.  The city was founded by Kempe Gowda – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire in 1537 CE.  After the fall of Vijayanagara Empire in 16th century, the city passed from the hands of Mughals to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704), the then ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore which was later ruled by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. The city was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. The city was earlier known as Bangalore, was renamed as Bengaluru, in 2006.
Bengaluru is sometimes referred to as the “Silicon Valley of India” or “IT capital of India” because of its role as the nation’s leading information technology (IT) exporter.  Apart from several universities and research institutions the city also houses, National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Design (NID R&D Campus) and National Law School of India University (NLSIU).  Numerous state-owned aerospace and defense organizations, such as Indian Space Research Organization, Bharat Electronics Limited, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and National Aerospace Laboratories are located in the city. The city also houses the 25 renowned educational universities such as University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore (UASB), Bangalore University (BU), Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS), Bengaluru North University, Christ University, PES University, etc.
The city is also known for its parks, hills and nightlife. Here are some of the iconic structures in Bangalore that you should not miss out on.


It is situated at Old Airport Road, Bangalore, was built in 1995. It features a Shiva statue that is 65 feet (20 m) tall idol. It is estimated that over 500,000 devotees and visitors come to the temple every year. On Maha Shivratri alone, between 100,000 and 150,000 devotees visit the temple every year. In the first six months of 2018, the temple has already been visited by 275,909 people.

The HAL Aerospace Museum established in 2001, is spread over 4 acres of land and is believed to be India’s first aerospace museum. This one of a kind set-up consists of two main halls. The first one showcases charts of the evolution of aviation starting from the year 1940. The second major hall displays interesting and real models of aero engines. These include the Garret, Orpheus and Adour.

It is the magnificent accommodation of the valiant ruler of Mysore, Tipu Sultan. The palace is located in the Bangalore Fort which is situated in old Bangalore. An exquisite example of Indo-Islamic architecture, the opulent palace was once used as a summer retreat by the king and was often referred to as the ‘Abode of Happiness’ and ‘Rash e Jannat’ meaning ‘Envy of Heaven’. Amongst one of the most noteworthy creations of the ancient times, the palace boasts of ornamental frescoes, magnificent arches, protruding balconies and brilliant motifs.

The palace has a floor area of 45,000 sft, and grounds of 454 acres (183 ha). The palace was built in Tudor Revival style architecture with fortified towers, battlements and turrets. The interiors were decorated with elegant wood carvings, floral motifscornices and relief paintings on the ceiling. The furniture, which was neo-classicalVictorianand Edwardian in style, was bought from John Roberts and Lazarus. A total of 35 rooms were built in the palace with most of them being bedrooms and a swimming pool. The renovation included addition of stained glass and mirrors, specially imported from England, besides a manual lift and wooden fans from General Electric.

It is an old botanical garden in Bengaluru, started by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, it was later managed under numerous British Superintendents before Indian Independence. It was responsible for the introduction and propagation of numerous ornamental plants as well as those of economic value. It also served a social function as a park and recreational space, with a central glass house dating from 1890 which was used for flower shows. In modern times it hosts two flower shows coinciding with the week of Republic Day (26 January) and Independence Day (15 August). It is also home to numerous wild species of birds and other wildlife.

It is the seat of the state legislature of Karnataka. It is constructed in a style sometimes described as Mysore Neo-Dravidian, and incorporates elements of Indo-Saracenic and Dravidian styles. The construction was completed in 1956. It is the largest Legislative building in India. Its eastern face has a porch with 12 granite columns, 40 feet (12 m) feet tall. Leading to the foyer is a flight of stairs with 45 steps, more than 200 feet (61 m) wide. The central dome, 60 feet (18 m) in diameter, is crowned by a likeness of the Indian national emblem. The front of the building is inscribed with the slogan “Government’s Work is God’s Work”.   The building is illuminated on Sundays and public holidays.

It is a constituent unit of the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of CultureGovernment of India, was established in memory of Bharat Ratna Sir M. Visvesvaraya. The building, with a built up area of 4,000 m2, was constructed in Cubbon Park. It houses various scientific experiments and engines, and was inaugurated by the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, on 14 July 1962. The first gallery set up at VITM, on the theme of ‘Electricity’, was opened to the public on 27 July 1965.

It was founded in 1970 and declared as a national park in 1974. In 2002, a portion of the park, became a biological reserve, the Bannerghatta Biological Park. It is a popular tourist destination with a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescue centre, a butterfly enclosure, an aquarium, a snake house and a safari park. There are ancient temples in the park for worship and it is a destination for trekking and hiking. The Zoo Authority of Karnataka, the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, and the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment (ATREE), Bangalore, are collaborating agencies. Within the national park area are six rural villages enclosed within three large enclosures for sheep and cattle farming. This park offers a guided bus tour all along the 6 km safari roads, which is specially made for safarists and foreign tourist gatherers.

Located in Rajajinagar area of Bangalore, ISKCON Temple is a revered shrine dedicated to Lord Krishna. It is one of the largest ISKCON temples in the world. The temple is a huge cultural complex that was inaugurated in 1997 by Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma. The project was conceived and executed by Madhu Pandit Dasa. Apart from a religious shrine, ISKCON temple is a cultural complex accommodating dedicated deities of Sri Sri Radha Krishnachandra, Sri Sri Krishna Balarama, Sri Sri Nitai Gauranga, Sri Srinivasa Govinda and Sri Prahlada Narasimha. ISKCON Temple conducts a wide variety of activities directed towards rediscovering spirituality on an individual level as well as creating a spirit of harmony in the community.